Advanced Aviation Knowledge

To complete this course you will take two exams consisting of 40 questions each.  You will be able to pause the exam and resume it at a later time.  Pausing the exam stops the clock so when you resume you will have all the time remaining from the point where you stopped.  You will not be able to go back to review questions you have already completed.  Once you answer that question and move to the next you will not be able to change any answers on questions already completed.

NOTE: The exams will include questions from material covered in previous courses in addition to the following subjects:

The first exam will cover (in addition to possible questions from previous lessons) -


You will be asked to identify the types of airspace on various charts (emphasis on Sectional and Terminal Area Charts) including airways (civilian and military) and special use airspace.  You will also need to know the rules of use for controlled airspace including communication and clearance requirements.  The following documents cover the information required but you are encouraged to seek additional resources including discussion with a flight instructor should you have questions or need further information or clarification.

Not every publication covers everything (or, at least not in a way that is fully understood by everyone) so some resources that you could use (in addition to others that you find) in combination where one might provide a better understanding of a specific issue vs. another include:

From the Aircraft Owners and Pilot's Association (AOPA) - Airspace for Everyone

The FAA Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge - Chapter 15:  Airspace

From the Society of Aviation and Flight Educators (SAFE) - Military Operations Areas and Restricted Areas 

From - The Logic Behind Class E Airspace.  Class E airspace seems to cause a bit of confusion so this article is provided as a supplement to the other information.

For those not familiar with airspace you might want to start with this information from Bobbie Lind - Airspace Classes Explained.  This is actually a personal web site (a blog site, if you will) where her main page at has other information that you might be interested in.  As always, EPV does not endorse this site in any way.  Just seems like a reasonable site to get your toe into the airspace waters.

Ground Operations

The focus is on understanding signage an surface markings, collision avoidance and operation ares and restrictions.  You can review the information here in addition to other resources you find if needed.

From the FAA - Runway Safety Best Practices
From the
Aircraft Owners and Pilot's Association (AOPA) - Runway Safety Flashcards

A mini-quiz on runway markings from the FAA - the Runway Safety Placemat

Weather Reports and Forecasts

This will cover METARs and TAFs in as applied to various scenarios.  Information on METARs and TAFs can be reviewed in the METAR Page of the Aviation Tools and Resources section of the website.  Wunderground also provides an overview of METARs found at the Wunderground METAR Tutorial.

You should also be familiar with winds aloft forecasts.  An overview of Winds Aloft Forecasts from is one source of information that should be reviewed.

The second exam will cover (in addition to possible questions from previous lessons) -

Procedure Turns, DME Arcs & Circle to Land

Many airports use procedure turns and DME arcs as part of their approach.  Execution of procedure turns, DME arcs and circle to land maneuvers is a necessary skill for landing at these airports where radar vectors are not available or vectoring is not practical due to terrain or other restrictions.  Circle to land is one of the most challenging and difficult to execute approach and considered by many to be the most dangerous or all approaches - so some commercial and private carriers prohibit their use. 

The basics are covered in the Procedure Turns, Circle to Land and DME Arcs document

As with the other areas, you are encouraged to seek additional resources including resources available on the Internet and discussion with a flight instructor

Flying an Approach

Flying an approach takes skill and practice.  Especially if it is a non-precision approach.  And especially if you fly the approach "by hand".  Non-precision approaches present the additional challenge of accurately determining your initial descent point and required rate of descent (and, with no vertical guidance, accurately flying the descent). 

The basic principles of flying precision and non-precision approaches can be found in the Flying an Approach document.

There may be other areas you would like to investigate so the Internet and your local flight instructor can help.

You may also find these quizzes fun -

BoldMethod - Seven Non-Precision Approach Questions

BoldMethod - Can You Fly the VOR RWY 12 into KPRC?

You may also find this discussion on non-precision vs. precision approaches from BoldMethod interesting -
When Is a Non-Precision Approach a Better Choice Than a Precision Approach?

And, not to be forgotten (in theory or in practice - so remember to practice these) - the missed approach procedure.  Be sure you are prepared to execute a missed approach. covers this well in their discussion of a Missed Approach.  You can find other resources if needed on the Internet and from fellow pilots and flight instructors.